If you’re expecting and looking for a reliable medical professional to manage your prenatal care and childbirth, you may have heard the term “obstetrician” before. But do you know what exactly an obstetrician is, and how they can help ensure that both mother and baby are healthy throughout pregnancy? As an expectant mother taking on one of life’s greatest responsibilities, it’s important to be informed about all aspects of your health during this special time.
This comprehensive guide will provide insight into who obstetricians are, what services they offer, and why their expertise is imperative in the care of pregnant mothers.
Let’s dive in to get more details.

Who is an obstetrician?

An obstetrician is a medical doctor who specializes in the care of pregnant women, childbirth, and postpartum care. They are highly trained professionals with extensive knowledge in all aspects of pregnancy. Their main role is to ensure that both mother and baby are healthy throughout the entire pregnancy journey.
Obstetricians are also known as OBGYNs (obstetrics and gynecology) and have completed specialized training in both obstetrics and gynecology. This means they are able to provide a wide range of services related to women’s reproductive health, including annual exams, family planning, infertility treatment, prenatal care, labor and delivery management, and postpartum care.

What services do they offer?

As mentioned above, obstetricians offer a wide range of services related to women’s reproductive health. These include:

Prenatal care:

Obstetricians provide comprehensive care during pregnancy, including regular check-ups and screenings to monitor the health of the mother and baby.

Labor and delivery management:

Obstetricians are trained in managing childbirth and ensuring that both mother and baby are safe throughout the process. They are also equipped to handle any complications that may arise during labor and delivery.

Postpartum care:

After giving birth, obstetricians continue to provide care for both the mother and baby as they recover. This includes postnatal check-ups and support for breastfeeding.

Infertility treatment:

Obstetricians can help diagnose and treat fertility issues in women, including prescribing medication and performing fertility procedures.

Family planning:

They can provide counseling and assistance with birth control methods, as well as offer guidance on family planning options.

Why is their expertise important?

Obstetricians play a crucial role in the care of pregnant mothers for several reasons:

Specialized training:

Obstetricians have received extensive education and training in managing all aspects of pregnancy. This makes them highly qualified to provide the best care for expectant mothers and their babies.

Managing high-risk pregnancies:

Certain health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or multiple gestation require specialized care during pregnancy. Obstetricians have the expertise to manage these high-risk pregnancies and ensure the safety of both mother and baby.

Detecting potential issues:

With their knowledge and experience in pregnancy, obstetricians can identify any potential issues early on and take necessary measures to prevent complications.

Providing emotional support:

Pregnancy can be a time of high emotions for expectant mothers. Obstetricians not only provide medical care but also offer support and guidance during this journey.

Role of an obstetrician in medical care:

Obstetricians work closely with other medical professionals to provide comprehensive care for pregnant mothers. They may collaborate with nurses, midwives, and other specialists to ensure the health of both mother and baby.
During pregnancy, they may refer patients to genetic counselors for prenatal testing or perinatologists for high-risk pregnancies.
After delivery, obstetricians also coordinate with pediatricians to ensure the health of the newborn.

Qualifications and education required to become an obstetrician

To become an obstetrician, one must complete a four-year undergraduate degree in a relevant field such as biology or pre-medicine. This is followed by four years of medical school and residency training in obstetrics and gynecology.
After completing their residency, they may choose to pursue additional training in a sub-specialty within the field, such as maternal-fetal medicine or reproductive endocrinology.
Becoming an obstetrician requires dedication, hard work, and a deep passion for caring for pregnant mothers and their babies.

Types of procedures they typically perform:

Obstetricians perform a variety of procedures related to pregnancy and childbirth, including:


This imaging technique uses soundwaves to produce images of the developing baby in the uterus.

Fetal monitoring:

Obstetricians use specialized equipment to monitor the baby’s heart rate during labor and delivery.


This procedure involves taking a sample of the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby for testing.

Cesarean section:

In case of complications during childbirth, obstetricians may perform a C-section to safely deliver the baby.
Common illnesses or diseases treated by an obstetrician

Obstetricians can treat a wide range of illnesses and diseases related to pregnancy, including:

Gestational diabetes:

A type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy.


A condition marked by high blood pressure and protein in the urine during pregnancy.

Placenta previa:

When the placenta partially or completely covers the cervix, making vaginal delivery difficult.

Ectopic pregnancy:

When the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

Obstetricians play a critical role in ensuring the safe and healthy delivery of babies into this world. Their expertise, knowledge, and compassion make them an invaluable part of every expectant mother’s care team. So, it is important to choose a trusted and experienced obstetrician for the best possible care during your pregnancy journey. So, do not hesitate to seek help from an obstetrician whenever needed. Your and your baby’s health are their top priority!
It is also important to continue regular visits with an obstetrician even after delivery for postpartum check-ups and support. They can also provide guidance on birth control and family planning options for the future.

What to expect when you visit an obstetrician?

During a visit to an obstetrician, you can expect the following:

A physical exam:

The obstetrician will perform a general physical exam to assess your overall health.

Weight and blood pressure measurement:

These are essential factors in monitoring the health of both mother and baby during pregnancy.

Discussion of any concerns or symptoms:

This is an opportunity for you to discuss any concerns or symptoms you may be experiencing during your pregnancy.

Ultrasound or other tests:

Depending on the stage of your pregnancy, the obstetrician may perform an ultrasound or other tests to monitor the growth and development of your baby.

Routine prenatal care:

The obstetrician will provide routine prenatal care, including tracking the baby’s growth, checking for any potential issues, and providing guidance on nutrition and exercise.

Regular visits to an obstetrician are crucial for a healthy pregnancy. They can also provide support and education during this exciting journey into motherhood.

The importance of prevention and regular checkups with your obstetrician:

Prevention is a key aspect of obstetric care. Regular checkups with an obstetrician can help identify any potential issues early on and prevent complications during pregnancy. It also allows for timely interventions and treatment if needed.
Obstetricians play an essential role in promoting the health and well-being of both mother and baby through regular prenatal care, screening tests, and education. By partnering with an obstetrician, expectant mothers can have peace of mind knowing their health and the health of their baby is in good hands.


Obstetricians play a vital role in the care of pregnant mothers and their babies. They provide medical expertise, emotional support, and guidance during this journey into motherhood. Through regular checkups and preventive measures, they ensure the health and well-being of both mother and baby throughout pregnancy and beyond.
So, if you are expecting or planning to start a family, don’t forget to seek help from a trusted obstetrician for the best possible care. Your and your baby’s health are priceless, and an obstetrician can help ensure it is prioritized every step of the way.


Some of the frequently asked questions by people are given below:

What is difference between gynecologist and obstetrician?

Gynecologists are doctors who specialize in women’s reproductive health, while obstetricians specialize in pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care. Some doctors may have training in both fields and are referred to as OB-GYNs.

Who is called obstetrician?

An obstetrician is a physician who specializes in the care of pregnant women, including their unborn babies and postpartum care. They are trained to handle all aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, from routine prenatal visits to complicated deliveries.

Is a obstetrician a midwife?

No, an obstetrician is not a midwife. A midwife is a healthcare professional who specializes in assisting with pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care for low-risk pregnancies.

What is the study of pregnancy called?

The study of pregnancy is called obstetrics. It focuses on the medical care and management of pregnant women, their unborn babies, and postpartum care. Obstetricians are trained in this field to provide expert care during pregnancy and childbirth.